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Józefa Montwiłła-Mireckiego Estate

75 Srebrzyńska St.

General

The Bulding at 75 Srebrzyńska st.  is one of residential estate on Polesie Konstantynowskie, called today Mirecki Residential Area.

The Residential Area was built between 1928 and 1933. It has reach and well documented history. Its inhabitants keep the memory of events that took place here and about famous people that lived here alive. They create a unique and inviting community.

Authors of the project for the Residential Area were Jerzy Berliner (1901 – II World War), Jan Łukasik (1899-1942), Witold Szereszewski (1883-?) and Miruta Słońska.

Jerzy Berliner was an architect born in Lodz, who graduated Architecture at the Warsaw Polytechnic in 1927. He cofounded many associations of architects and city planners. His most important projects, beside the Montwiłł Mirecki Residential Area, are villa at 2 Komuny Paryskiej and at 2 Świętokrzyska Street – one of the most interesting examples of Lodz’s Modernist architecture. [1]

Jan Łukasik, after graduating Warsaw Polytechnic in 1926, worked as a conservator of the Royal Palace in Warsaw (1929 – 1939). He was a member of the Society for Protection of Historical Monuments. His numerous projects and developments can be found in the whole country, for example in Bialystok, Gdynia or Zakopane.[2] 

Witold Szereszewski started to work before the I World War. He was professionally most active during the interwar period. During that time, he designed many Modernistic buildings, including apartment houses, public buildings (amongst others a very well-known Clinic for sick people at Łagiewnicka Street) as well as residential areas.[3] 

The least know from this group is Miruta Słońska, who worked in the Office of the Regional Plan for the city of Lodz and from 1937 till 1939, was a member of the Lodz Chapter of SARP (The Association of Polish Architects) [4] .

History

As mentioned in the Introduction, the history of the Mirecki Residential Area is very well described and documented. Detailed information can be found on the Area’s web page [5], on the private portals [6] or even on Wikipedia [7], where a lot of work was put in order to create as good as possible, a description of the history and of the place. In order not to repeat easily accessible information, we will only present the most interesting facts about the place and famous inhabitants of the building at 75 Srebrzyńska Street – The marriage of Katarzyna Kobro and Władysław Strzemiński. 

The reason for the construction of the Area was a will to improve dramatic housing conditions of the lower and middle class. The construction of two big Areas was planned, however due to the financial crisis only one was developed – Polesie Konstantynowskie Project. Unfortunately it quickly turned out that the rent in modern, for the times, apartments is too high for those, for whom they were created. Therefore instead of by the poorest, they were occupied by officials and better-off people.

According to the project, there were suppose to be 33 houses, but only 20 were build, giving a total of 921 apartments. Planned social buildings were not constructed. Along the Srebrzyńska Street, stood a row of perpendicular blocks, with walls separating the court yards from the city traffic. Along the Unii Lubelskiej a cornice, long building was created, with a smaller one next to it. Setoff, receding facades create an interesting, expressive artistic element. 

The interesting building is located at 75 Srebrzyńska Street. The first building when coming from the city performed some sort of a representative role. He welcomed those travelling by a tram from the center of Lodz. On it, memorial plaques were placed, commemorating the creation of the Area, displaced persons and victims of the II World War, as well as the most famous inhabitants – marriage Kobro-Strzemiński.

Coming back to the urban and architectural layout of the Residential Area, it is important to point out that the buildings can be divided into those with exposed, in the elevation, stairways and the ones with galleries, having glazed elevations, where the corridors were located.

The architecture of the Residential Area, according to the functionalist ideas, characterizes by a simple, geometrical blocks with flat roofs. Elevations are diversified with alcoves and balconies with rectangular balustrades. Artistically interesting is an accent created by the small, brick pillars between pairs of windows.

The Residential Area is one of the most outstanding achievements of the Polish architectural avant-garde of the interwar period [8] [9].

The Area was named after Polish independence and socialist activist – Józef Mirecki alias Montwiłł (1879–1908). One of the best known participants of the 1905 Revolution sentenced to death and killed by the Tsarist Authorities.

Similarly honored other independence activists whose names are carried by the internal streets of the settlement. So we have the streets: Felix Perla, Gustav Daniłowskiego, Henry Baron and Xavier Prauss. Minor, inter block streets remain unnamed.

Events

Those few words are a brief summary of the most important facts from the life of remarkable artists. Their work and private relations are subject of many discussions and analyses. Further studies are being written. The latest one, worth mentioning, is created in 2015 book, published by Czarne Publishing House, titled “Kobro”. The publication tries to deal with the biography of an artist. As Katarzyna Kozyra wrote in a review: “Finally we gained knowledge about Katarzyna Kobro, looking beyond gossips about her being bullied by a famous husband and references to her art. Wonderful biography and a story of a Polish avant-garde with an art world in the background.”

In 2015, Andrzej Wajda filmed a movie in Lodz – “Powidoki” about Władysław Strzemiński that was played by Bogusław Linda. The premiere is scheduled for 2016.

It is worthwhile to expend the knowledge about the artists, since it is certain that we will hear more about the famous couple and will have the opportunity to experience their art.

Other famous inhabitants of the Mirecki Residential Area during the interwar period:

Karol Hiller - painter, 93 Srebrzyńska Street, apartment 27 [11].

Antoni Purtal - politician, vice-President of Lodz, 75 Srebrzyńska Street,  apartment 49,

Feliks Paszkowski -painter, 83 Srebrzyńska Street,

Leszek Rózga – graphic desiner, 5 Daniłowskiego Street (from around 1930 – till about 1939),

Anna Rynkowska - archivist, author of a book „Ulica Piotrkowska” – Piotrkowska Street, 89 Srebrzyńska Street [12].

Today (29.12.1989 Onwards)

Those few words are a brief summary of the most important facts from the life of remarkable artists. Their work and private relations are subject of many discussions and analyses. Further studies are being written. The latest one, worth mentioning, is created in 2015 book, published by Czarne Publishing House, titled “Kobro”. The publication tries to deal with the biography of an artist. As Katarzyna Kozyra wrote in a review: “Finally we gained knowledge about Katarzyna Kobro, looking beyond gossips about her being bullied by a famous husband and references to her art. Wonderful biography and a story of a Polish avant-garde with an art world in the background.”

In 2015, Andrzej Wajda filmed a movie in Lodz – “Powidoki” about Władysław Strzemiński that was played by Bogusław Linda. The premiere is scheduled for 2016.

It is worthwhile to expend the knowledge about the artists, since it is certain that we will hear more about the famous couple and will have the opportunity to experience their art.

Other famous inhabitants of the Mirecki Residential Area during the interwar period:

Karol Hiller - painter, 93 Srebrzyńska Street, apartment 27 [11].

Antoni Purtal - politician, vice-President of Lodz, 75 Srebrzyńska Street,  apartment 49,

Feliks Paszkowski -painter, 83 Srebrzyńska Street,

Leszek Rózga – graphic desiner, 5 Daniłowskiego Street (from around 1930 – till about 1939),

Anna Rynkowska - archivist, author of a book „Ulica Piotrkowska” – Piotrkowska Street, 89 Srebrzyńska Street [12].

Links

[1]   When creating a biographical note the following book was used: „Ludzie którzy zbudowali Łódź – Leksykon architektów i budowniczych miasta”, Lodz 2009, Krzysztof Stefański p. 29-30

[2]   Ibid, str. 114-115

[3]   Ibid, str. 167 

[4]   Ibid, str. 156

[5]   www.osiedlemireckiego.pl

[6]   www.lodz_polesie.republika.pl

[7]   pl.wikipedia.org

[8]   „Atlas Architektury Dawnej Łodzi do 1939 r.”, Krzysztof Stefański, Archidiecezjalne Wydawnictwo Łódzkie, Lodz 2008, p. 112-113

[9]   „Łódzki modernizm i inne nurty przedwojennego budownictwa – Tom II”, Joanna Olenderek, Wydawnictwo Księży Młyn Lodz 2012, p. 36-39

[10]   The description was based on: "Walczę o prawdę" (Fighting for truth) conversation of Remigiusz Grzela with Nika Strzemińska from 2001 (during the radio show “Study for a Portrait” of Remigiusz Grzela –Polish Radio 2), most probably published on the 26th of April, 2005.

[11]   Spodenkiewicz Paweł: Pani Hiller pisze do Hitlera; [w:] „Dziennik Łódzki”, 30 XI 2002, wyd. A, nr 279, p. 15 

[12]   Księga Adresowa m. Łodzi, 1937–1939

Notes

Nothing to Show in this Section (or the Information is not available for the current language)

Stamp Information

Country Polska Polska
City Lodz Lodz
Address 75 Srebrzyńska St.
Street Name Changes Gartenstrasse (1939-1945)
District Polesie
Monument Register Number A/56
Number of Floors 4
Noticeable Tenants Władysław Strzemiński, Katarzyna Kobro


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